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Texas Caregiver Statistics

Family Caregivers Are On the Rise

Daughter caregiving for her mother.


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A caregiver—sometimes called an informal caregiver—is an unpaid individual (for example, a spouse, partner, family member, friend, or neighbor) involved in assisting others with activities of daily living and/or medical tasks. Formal caregivers are paid care providers providing care in one's home or in a care setting (day care, residential facility, long-term care facility). For the purposes of the present fact sheet, displayed statistics generally refer to caregivers of adults.

In the United States, there are more than 16 million people caring for someone with dementia—and many millions more around the world.

Did you know?

  • Alzheimer’s disease affects 5.8 million Americans of all ages in 2019. Approximately 390,000 of them are Texans.

  • Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the U.S. and has an economic burden of $290 billion annually.

  • Texas ranks fourth in the number of Alzheimer’s disease cases and second in the number of Alzheimer’s disease deaths.

  • Nearly 3.5 million of the estimated 5.8 million Americans with Alzheimer’s disease are women and 2.1 million are men. Women are more likely to have other dementias.

  •  In 2018, there were an estimated 16.2 million unpaid caregivers in the U.S., most of whom were family members.

  • In Texas, approximately 1.4 million unpaid caregivers provided care to Texans with Alzheimer’s disease in 2018. This equates to 1.6 billion hours of unpaid care at a cost of approximately $20.6 billion per year.

Family caregiving for relatives or close friends with chronic, disabling, or serious health problems so they can remain in their home is nearly universal today. In 2013, nearly 3.4 million family caregivers in Texas helped another adult loved one carry out daily activities such as bathing or dressing, preparing meals, administering medications, driving to doctor visits, and paying bills.

“This new report demonstrates that we need to do more to assist the 3.4 million caregivers in our state,” said AARP Texas Director Bob Jackson. “Some of the things that will help family caregivers include improved workplace flexibility, respite care, tax credits and home care services.”

Can a family member be a paid caregiver in Texas?

In Texas, there are both state and federal programs that pay family members to care for a loved one. However, both the caregiver and care recipient must meet the eligibility criteria. In Texas, there are several programs that will pay family members to provide non-medical, hands-on assistance for a loved one.

Future of Family Caregivers

As Americans live longer and have fewer children, fewer family members will be available for older adults to rely on for everyday help in the future. The ratio of potential family caregivers to the growing number of older people has already begun a steep decline. In 2010, there were 7.2 potential family caregivers for every person age 80 and older. By 2030, that ratio will fall sharply to 4 to 1, and is projected to drop further to 3 to 1 in 2050.

Impact of caregiving on jobs, money and health, family caregivers report that the stress of caregiving affects their physical and emotional health, finances, and their jobs. More than half (55 percent) of family caregivers report being overwhelmed by the amount of care their family member needs. Nearly 4 in 10 (38 percent) family caregivers report a moderate (20 percent) to high degree (18 percent) of financial strain as a result of providing care.

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